“The founders could never imagine… the large population differences of the states that exist today ,” explains Edwards. If they happen to live in a state of population, you will have a broader say in the U.S. government. Fewer populated countries like Delaware feared that such regulation would scuttle their voices and interests by larger states. Many delegates also felt that the Convention did not have the power to abolish the articles of Confederation completely, as envisaged in the Virginia Plan.  In response, William Paterson of the New Jersey delegation proposed on 15 June 1787 a single-house legislative power. Each state should be represented on an equal footing in this body, regardless of population. The New Jersey plan, as it was called, would have left the Confederal articles in place, but changed them to expand the powers of Congress a little.  The Great Compromise, also known as the Connecticut Compromise, the Great Compromise of 1787 or the Sherman Compromise, was an agreement between large and small states that defined in part the representation that each state would have in accordance with the Constitution of the United States, as well as at the legislative level. It happened in 1787. The compromise on Connecticut resulted from a debate among delegates about how each state could be represented in Congress. The Great Compromise led to the creation of a two-chamber congress. The House of Representatives, which is determined by the population of a state, was also created.
The agreement kept the legislation bicameral, but the House of Lords had to change to accommodate two senators to represent each state. The agreement reorganized the U.S. government structure and struck a balance between densely populated states and their demands, while taking into account the least populated state and their interests. On July 4, delegates developed a compromise plan that sidelined Franklin`s proposal. On 16 July, the Convention adopted the Great Compromise with a heartbreaking one-voice lead. As the celebrants of 1987 duly said, there probably would not have been a Constitution without that vote. Perhaps the biggest debate held by delegates of the Constitutional Convention in 1787 was the number of representatives of each state in the legislative branch of the new administration, the U.S. Congress.
As is often the case in government and politics, the solution of a great debate required a great compromise – in this case the Great Compromise of 1787. At the beginning of the Constitutional Convention, delegates appeared at a single-chamber congress made up of a specified number of representatives from each state. The Great Compromise of 1787, also known as the Sherman Compromise, was an agreement reached at the 1787 Constitutional Convention between delegates from states of large and small population, which defined the structure of Congress and the number of representatives each state would have in Congress in accordance with the Constitution of the United States. Under the agreement proposed by Connecticut Congressman Roger Sherman, Congress would be a “bicameral chamber” or a bicameral body, with each state receiving a certain number of representatives in the lower house (the House of Representatives) in proportion to its population and two representatives in the upper chamber (the Senate).