On July 2, 1972, the two countries reached an agreement. The main clauses of the Simla Agreement are as follows: (iii) Resignations begin from the date of entry into force of this Agreement and must be concluded within 30 days.  In addition to the withdrawal of troops and the return of prisoners from the 1971 war, the Simla Agreement was a plan for India and Pakistan to maintain friendly and neighbourly relations. As part of the agreement, the two belligerent countries promised to renounce conflicts and confrontations and make efforts to establish peace, friendship and cooperation. Shimla Agreement: July 2, 1972 Finil Agreement: what is it? The shimla Agreement was signed by then Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and Pakistani President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, on July 2 signed on July 19, 1972, after the 1971 India-Pakistan War that liberated eastern Pakistan and led to the creation of Bangladesh. The shimla agreement was a comprehensive plan to enable good-neighbourly relations between India and Pakistan. In this context, both India and Pakistan have decided to abandon past conflicts and focus on building lasting friendship, peace and cooperation among themselves. Shimla Agreement: Key Principles The Shimla Agreement includes a number of principles on which both India and Pakistan have agreed and which emphasize respect for each other`s sovereignty, territorial integrity, sovereign equality, non-interference in each other`s internal affairs, respect for each other`s political independence and unity, as well as the dissemination of hostile propaganda. The principles of the Shimla Agreement are as follows:- Mutual commitment to the peaceful resolution of all problems through direct bilateral approaches.- Building the basis for a cooperative relationship based on people-to-people contacts.- Maintaining the inviolability of the Line of Control in Jammu and Kashmir.Shimla Agreement: Key Features 1. India and Pakistan have decided to challenge the conflict and confrontation that had affected their relations in the past, to end and commit to a friendly and harmonious relationship in order to achieve lasting peace in the subcontinent. 2.
India and Pakistan both agree that relations between the two parties are governed by the principles of the Charter of the United Nations. The two countries have decided to settle their differences by peaceful, bilateral or other mutually agreed means. 4. Both India and Pakistan have agreed to respect the Line of Control in Jammu and Kashmir without undermining the recognized position of both sides. They also agreed that neither would try to change them unilaterally, regardless of mutual differences and legal interpretations. . . .